Reading Comprehension Strategy Tool – Who, What, Where, & When Summary

Use this graphic organizer tool to help guide students on preparing short summaries of a passage or story. This tool helps students focus on the key elements that need to be addressed when writing a summary for an exam or as part of an essay, and is also a critical skill needed for reading comprehension.

HOW TO USE: While reading a passage, have students fill in each area with a short 1-2 sentence summary pertaining to who, what, when, where, why and how. Finally, after completing these steps, have students then write a short summary of the text by drawing upon each of these elements.

View Our Blog Post: Reading Comprehension Strategy Tools to learn more about how to use this resource.


Academic Subject Area
All Subjects, ELA/Language Arts
Grade Levels
PreK, K-5
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